SiX invites you to browse our legislative library, where we’ve made it possible to search for and review exemplary legislation, policy reports, and other materials on a broad range of issues.
The article sets out the relationships and obligations between the state of Illinois and the political subdivisions therein. The article requires the state to provide for the formation, consolidation, merger, division, and dissolution of counties and establishes rules and responsibilities related to the establishment of county boards and the election of county officers. The article provides for the establishment and dissolution of townships by referendum. The article establishes counties having an elected chief executive officer and municipalities having a population of more than 25,000 as home rule units and allows for municipalities having a population less than 25,000 to elect to become home rule units through referendum. A home rule unit by referendum may elect not to be a home rule unit. The article authorizes home rule units to exercise any power and perform any function pertaining to its government and affairs including, but not limited to, the power to regulate for the protection of the public health, safety, morals and welfare; to license; to tax; and to incur debt. The article prohibits home rule units from exercising any power that the General Assembly does not explicitly provide by law to punish by imprisonment for more than six months or to license for revenue or impose taxes upon or measured by income or earnings or upon occupations. The article provides that counties and municipalities which are not home rule units shall, in addition to other enumerated powers, only have powers granted to them by. The article provides that Townships, school districts, special districts and units, designated by law as units of local government, which exercise limited governmental powers or powers in respect to limited governmental subjects shall have only powers granted by law. The article provides that units of local government and school districts may contract or otherwise associate among themselves, with the State, with other states and their units of local government and school districts, and with the United.Year: 1970•State: Illinois•Type: Constitutional Amendment•Source: Illinois Legislature